The business terrain in Nigeria is teeming with diverse companies making huge strides in their respective industries. These corporations offer unique investment opportunities for both local and foreign investors.
Purchasing shares from a successful corporation allows investors to take part in the economic success of these organizations. Not all companies are worthy of investment, however, deciding choosing the right one is an arduous task.
To help investors, TransferXO has conducted an extensive analysis to determine the best companies to buy shares in Nigeria as of the updated 2024 listings.
The guide highlights companies that have demonstrated consistent growth, profitability, and the potential for future gains, with specific attention to companies selling shares in Nigeria.
Whether you’re a beginner in the world of investment or an experienced player looking for fresh opportunities, our updated 2024 guide has something valuable to offer.
Read on to discover profitable avenues for investing your hard-earned money in the Nigerian stock market.
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The Different Types of Shares Available in Nigeria
Investing in the stock market is one of the proven methods to accumulate wealth over time. One of the popular means to invest in the stock market is through buying shares.
If you are a Nigerian, it is important to understand the types of shares available in Nigeria to make the right investment decision.
Here are the various types of shares available in Nigeria:
1. Ordinary Shares
Ordinary shares are those that do not confer any special rights or obligations on the shareholder. Furthermore, the shareholder carries the majority of the liability for the shares.
2. Preference Shares
Preference shares confer specific rights on the shareholder. Essentially, as a holder of preference shares, you would receive predetermined dividends each year. Furthermore, preference shareholders benefit more than ordinary stockholders.
3. Deferred Shares
This shareholder class is distinct from the preference and ordinary share classes. In essence, they only earn dividends after all other classes have received a minimum dividend. As a result, they have no claim to business assets or dividends until the corporation pays other shareholders.
4. Cumulative Shares
If the corporation does not have enough distributable reserves, this form of share can accrue. It is essentially a preferred stock option that says that the corporation should pay outstanding dividends to cumulative shareholders first, before paying dividends to other classes.
5. Redeemable Shares
The shares were created in such a way that the firm can buy them back at a later date. It’s more like a lending system in which shares are sold to investors for cash inflow and then purchased after profit. However, depending on the articles of association or shareholder’s agreement, the shareholder may potentially sell the shares back to the corporation or transfer them.
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Legal Rights and Obligations Linked to a Share
As a shareholder in a company, whether it be private or publicly traded, you are essentially a part owner of that business. This ownership grants you specific legal rights and liabilities. It is crucial to understand what these entail before deciding to invest in a company.
A shareholder may, but is not limited to, the following:
- According to the law, voting in the proceedings of a corporation or general meeting counts as one vote per share.
- The right to a dividend is based on the number of shares owned whenever the firm announces one.
- Participation in general meetings and contributions to the company’s affairs
- The right to safeguard a proprietary interest in the company’s management as well as to review its statutory books.
- Leisure to purchase additional stock in the company before it is offered to other possible shareholders. This is referred to as having preemptive rights.
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20 Best Companies To Buy Shares In Nigeria
Investing in shares or stocks in Nigeria has proven to be a lucrative venture for many investors. By investing in shares, you buy into ownership of a company and earn a portion of the company’s profits or suffer losses depending on the company’s performance. However, the trick is to identify companies with great potential for growth and profitability.
Here are the 20 best companies to buy shares in Nigeria:
1. Dangote Cement Plc.
Dangote Cement Plc. is a premier choice for investors in Nigeria. As Africa’s largest cement producer, the company continues to expand its footprint across the continent, making it a key player in the building and construction industry.
It has a strong profit track record and an ambitious expansion strategy, signaling promising growth prospects for shareholders. Moreover, Dangote Cement has a strong management team and robust financial performance which boost investor confidence.
In addition to paying regular dividends, its large market capitalization provides stability and reassures potential investors of the sustainability and profitability of the business. All these factors contribute to the appeal of Dangote Cement Plc as an investment option.
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2. MTN Nigeria Communications Plc.
MTN Nigeria Communications Plc is another top company to invest in. As the leader in Nigeria’s telecommunication sector, MTN holds the largest market share, presenting a stable investment opportunity.
The company has a substantial growth strategy involving infrastructure investment and a push into digital and financial services, ensuring ongoing growth potential. Moreover, MTN has shown impressive financial results with consistently high-profit margins and a healthy return on investment.
This combined with the payment of regular dividends, offers attractive yield potential for investors. With the increasing reliance on telecommunications and digital solutions, especially amid the COVID-19 pandemic, MTN Nigeria is well-positioned to benefit from this trend, making its shares an excellent investment.
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3. Access Bank Plc.
Access Bank Plc is a leading multinational bank that offers a comprehensive range of banking services to customers in Nigeria and abroad. Its operational competence, effective leadership, and large customer base make it a reliable platform for shareholders.
They’ve demonstrated financial strength, consistently impressive revenue and profit growth. Furthermore, the bank’s broad financial product offerings result in multiple revenue streams. Its rapid expansion across the African continent provides room for significant growth.
Access Bank is also an attractive prospect for share buyers because of its proactive management and commendable risk management strategies. Therefore, buying shares from Access Bank Plc guarantees a sound return on investment.
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4. GTBank Plc.
Guaranty Trust Bank, known as GTBank Plc, is a multinational banking and financial services provider headquartered in Lagos, Nigeria. It is one of the best-run financial institutions in Nigeria, presenting an excellent choice for potential share buyers.
GTBank stands out because of its sustained financial performance and prudent risk management framework, yielding healthy financial metrics that are considered some of the best in the banking industry.
The bank has a solid track record of high-quality assets, robust capitalization, excellent asset quality, and impressive return on equity. Its wide branch network, extensive e-banking platforms, and good reputation give it a competitive advantage, promising stability and potential for steady growth for its shareholders.
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5. Forte Oil Plc.
Forte Oil Plc is one of Nigeria’s leading indigenous petroleum marketing companies with a strong presence in the power and upstream sectors. It has demonstrated its robustness in managing a challenging operating environment while consistently delivering strong results.
What sets Forte Oil apart is its emphasis on sustainability and its focus on building a future-ready business by actively investing in the energy sector. For potential share buyers, Forte Oil offers significant growth potential due to its diversified revenue streams and increasing demand for petroleum products in Nigeria.
The company also consistently rewards its shareholders with competitive returns, making it a highly appealing option for those looking to buy shares in Nigeria.
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6. Oando Plc.
Oando Plc is an indigenous energy company operating in the upstream, midstream, and downstream sectors. As one of Africa’s largest integrated energy solutions providers, Oando offers vast growth potential.
It stands out for its proven track record of strong performance, driven by its resilient business model, skilled management, and emphasis on technological innovation. Oando’s robust financial performance and aggressive expansion strategies position it as a sound investment for potential share buyers.
Additionally, Oando’s commitment to corporate governance, transparency, and consistent dividend payment also contribute to its appeal to shareholders. With the expanding energy market in Nigeria and beyond, Oando Plc is a promising choice for investors looking to buy shares in Nigeria.
7. UAC of Nigeria Plc.
UAC of Nigeria Plc is one of Nigeria’s oldest companies with a rich history that spans over 100 years. The company is deeply involved in food services, real estate, paint production, and livestock feed production.
This diversified portfolio adds a degree of stability to their shares as the fortunes of the company are not solely tied to the performance of a single industry. It’s known for consistent dividend payments to shareholders, which is a plus for potential share buyers.
Also, its established market presence, credible management team, and innovative business strategies further make it an attractive proposition for investors looking to buy shares in Nigeria.
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8. Guinness Nigeria Plc.
As the first Guinness operation outside the UK and Ireland, Guinness Nigeria Plc stands as a premier beverage and alcohol company in Nigeria. Known for its production of high-quality beers and beverages, it has a reputation for impressive returns on investment and continuous business growth.
Guinness has been a long-term player in Nigeria’s economy with a wide distribution network which indicates potential for sustainability and growth in earnings. The company’s transparent business approach and commitment to shareholders, seen in regular dividend payouts and stock price appreciation, attract potential investors.
Furthermore, its affiliation with Diageo, a global leader in beverage alcohol, further positions the company as a choice option for potential share buyers in Nigeria.
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9. Nigerian Breweries Plc.
Established in 1946, Nigerian Breweries Plc is the pioneer and the largest brewing company in Nigeria. This makes it an attractive option for share buyers in the country.
Over the years, it has maintained a dominant presence in the brewery industry and has diversified its product portfolio to cater to different segments. This diversity, combined with an impressive track record of profitability and growth, sets Nigerian Breweries Plc apart.
Moreover, its investment in quality control, market penetration, and sustainability, has helped the company maintain an enviable position in the industry, therefore giving investors a solid reason to trust in its financial future.
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10. Seplat Petroleum Development Company Plc.
Seplat Petroleum Development Company Plc. is one of the top indigenous Nigerian oil and gas companies. This, along with its status as a publicly quoted company on both the London and Nigerian stock exchanges, makes it a great pick for investors interested in the energy sector.
Its broad portfolio in upstream oil and gas makes it an industry leader with consistent performance in dividend pay-outs, indicating a stable revenue stream.
With excellent corporate governance, high exploration successes, and good management, the company’s future profitability prospects seem very promising. Its contribution to national energy security also aligns it with potential government support, a plus for shareholders.
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11. Lafarge Africa Plc.
Lafarge Africa Plc is one of the leading cement manufacturers in Nigeria, known for the provision of innovative construction solutions. The company’s stock is attractive for investment due to its potential growth rate and long-term viability.
As Nigeria’s infrastructural sector grows, so does the demand for building materials. Lafarge’s positive financial health, market dominance, and regular dividend payment also make it stand out.
Additionally, the company’s affiliation with LafargeHolcim Group, a global industry leader, guarantees support and offers added security for potential investors.
12. Nestle Nigeria Plc.
Nestle Nigeria Plc is a leading player in the fast-moving consumer goods sector in Nigeria, offering various products such as Milo, Maggi, and Nestle Pure Life. Their robust distribution network, diverse product portfolio, and brand loyalty make them a promising investment.
They have consistently declared and paid dividends to shareholders over the years, thereby guaranteeing returns on investments. Their successful innovation strategy, leading market position, and operational efficiency also add to their appeal.
Furthermore, with increasing urbanization and changing consumer trends favoring convenience, the demand for Nestle’s products is expected to continue to grow. This growth potential, along with the company’s strong fundamentals, makes their shares a suitable investment.
13. Nigerian Aviation Handling Company Plc.
Nigerian Aviation Handling Company Plc (NAHCO) is one of Nigeria’s top companies for buying shares. NAHCO specializes in the provision of aviation services, including passenger and aircraft handling, cargo services, and warehousing.
The company has an impressive client base, serving several major international airlines. Over the years, NAHCO has continually grown its earnings, and this growth has been reflected in an increase in the dividends paid to shareholders.
With a consistent dividend payout, steady profitability, a diversified service offering, and an ever-increasing market share, NAHCO is considered a sound investment option in the aviation industry in Nigeria.
14. FBN Holdings Plc.
FBN Holdings Plc. is a major player in the Nigerian financial services sector. FBN Holdings oversees one of the largest networks of banking operations in the country with an enormous customer base.
It offers investors broad exposure to Nigeria’s economy as its business cuts across commercial banking, merchant banking, asset management, and insurance. It has maintained consistent profitability over the years and shown great resilience in navigating economic downturns, giving it a reputation for being a safe and solid investment choice.
Notable is the company’s commitment to consistently distribute dividends to shareholders, making FBN Holdings a popular choice among prospective share buyers.
15. Airtel Africa Plc.
Airtel Africa Plc, part of Bharti Airtel Ltd, is one of Africa’s leading telecommunications companies, with operations in 14 countries across the continent. Investing in Airtel Africa is attractive because of its strong presence and brand reputation.
As a dividend-paying company, investors are rewarded with periodic returns. Additionally, Airtel Africa is tapping into the massive African population with relatively low mobile penetration, positioning it for future growth.
As telecoms become more integrated into every aspect of life and as the economy digitizes, Airtel Africa stands as a valuable buy for potential share buyers in Nigeria.
16. Guaranty Trust Holding Company Plc.
Guaranty Trust Holding Company Plc, formerly Guaranty Trust Bank, is one of Nigeria’s most successful banking groups. An attractive company to buy shares in, it demonstrates consistently strong financial performance, sustainability, and a healthy dividend payout ratio.
Guaranty Trust consistently leverages innovation, striving for service excellence in a very competitive industry. They also show a commitment to effective corporate governance, having robust internal controls and risk management systems.
Potential shareholders can thus have confidence in Guaranty Trust’s solid financial structure, dynamic management team, and commitment to ethical business practices. These factors combined contribute to making this a safe and beneficial company for investment in Nigeria.
17. Dangote Sugar Refinery Plc.
Dangote Sugar Refinery Plc. is among the leading companies to invest in Nigeria, listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). As a subsidiary of Dangote Industries Limited, it commands significant influence in Nigeria’s sugar market and operates one of the largest sugar refineries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Factors making this company attractive for potential shareholders include its robust financial performance, remarkable business model, impressive track record, and future expansion plans.
Also, as Dangote Group is a renowned brand in Nigeria and across Africa, this adds a significant level of confidence and stability for investors, positioning Dangote Sugar Refinery as a strong and viable investment option.
18. Transnational Corporation of Nigeria Plc.
Transnational Corporation of Nigeria Plc. (Transcorp) is a diversified conglomerate with a strong reputation in the energy, hospitality, and agribusiness sectors.
Transcorp’s share has often been seen as a worthwhile investment because of its continuous growth, substantial profits, and long-term investment returns. It also offers opportunities to be part of diverse industries in Nigeria.
Notably, its investment in the power sector makes it stand out as the Nigerian government focuses on increasing the country’s power supply. Also, its management’s reputation for good corporate governance practices and transparency has made it more appealing to potential shareholders in Nigeria.
19. Transcorp Hotels Plc.
Transcorp Hotels Plc is a leading hospitality company in Nigeria and one of the best places to buy shares. Known for owning the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja and Calabar, the company continues to thrive in Nigeria’s hospitality sector, backed by significant tourism and business travel growth.
Investors should take note of their robust performance, growth strategies, and resilient business model which consistently provides significant return on investment. The fact that it belongs to the well-known and highly successful Transnational Corporation of Nigeria is an added advantage for potential shareholders.
20. Cadbury Nigeria Plc.
Cadbury Nigeria Plc, an affiliate of Mondelez International, is one of the most lucrative companies to buy shares in Nigeria. As a leader in the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) sector, they’re known for products like Bournvita and TomTom.
Factors making Cadbury stand out for potential share buyers include consistent dividend payments, a strong brand presence, and a growing consumer base. Also, their sustainability efforts and resilience in a highly competitive market strengthen the confidence of investors.
Despite the economic volatility, Cadbury Nigeria has proven its capacity to sustain growth, thereby securing investors’ trust.
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Overview of the Nigerian Stock Market
The Nigerian Stock Market, overseen by the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE), is the hub for various economic activities in Africa’s most populous country.
Over the years, it has significantly impacted Nigeria’s economy, facilitating capital formation and sustaining business growth. Presently, the NSE houses more than 200 companies from various industries such as finance, consumer goods, and agriculture.
In recent times, the market has witnessed fluctuating trends influenced by a host of factors such as oil price fluctuations, economic policies, and inflation rates. Investors consider these factors critically when making investment decisions.
Political instability and uncertainties also impact investor sentiment and the performance of the market. Despite these challenges, opportunities abound for savvy investors who understand the market dynamics.
A renewed emphasis on diversification, rising entrepreneurial initiatives, and increasing government intervention in stabilizing the economy are influencing positive growth in the Nigerian stock market. Thus, Nigeria presents an intriguing, albeit complex, investment landscape with potentially high rewards.
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Benefits of Buying Shares in Nigerian Companies
Investing in shares of Nigerian companies has gained much attention in recent years, especially among foreign investors. The increasing number of investors shows that this market holds various benefits for those looking to diversify their investment portfolio.
Here are a few advantages of investing in Nigerian stocks:
1. High Returns on Investment
Despite the economic instability in some African countries, Nigerian companies have proven to be very profitable. Over the years, the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) has shown remarkable performance, and it’s considered one of the highest-returning exchanges in Africa.
2. Economic Growth
Nigeria is one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa, largely driven by oil and gas, telecommunications, and financial services industries. Investing in Nigerian companies means you will directly be participating in this growth.
With over 160 publicly listed companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, investors have a variety of industries to choose from. Whether it’s oil, banking, real estate, or food and beverage, there is something for every investor.
4. Affordable Entry
Buying shares in Nigerian companies can be affordable compared to more mature markets. You can begin investing with relatively smaller amounts, making it ideal for beginners in stock trading.
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5. Access to Large Market
Nigeria has a large consumer market driven by its high population. Investing in Nigerian shares provides investors with access to profit from this vibrant consumer base.
6. Capital Appreciation and Dividend Income
Apart from making profits through selling shares at higher prices (capital appreciation), most companies on the NSE pay dividends to their shareholders. These dividend payouts can serve as an additional income stream.
7. Ease of Trading
With advancements in technology, buying and selling shares have become more convenient and accessible to all through online platforms. This ease of trading also allows for greater liquidity.
8. Regulatory Framework
Nigeria has a solid and sound regulatory framework that guides the activities of the stock market. This helps to safeguard the interests of investors.
Despite the ups and downs, investing in shares of Nigerian companies remains an attractive investment avenue with the potential for significant returns. Whether you are a domestic or foreign investor, Nigerian shares hold opportunities that shouldn’t be overlooked.
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Factors to Consider When Choosing Which Companies to Buy Shares From in Nigeria
Investing in the stock market is a significant decision, which demands careful analysis and due consideration. For anyone planning to buy shares from companies in Nigeria, it’s essential to pay attention to specific crucial factors to secure your investment and increase the probability of high returns.
The Nigerian Stock Exchange hosts several listed companies, and you should arm yourself with detailed research before making any purchase decision. Consider the following factors:
1. Company’s Financial Stability
First and foremost, check the company’s financial reports for the past few years to determine its financial stability. Ensure the company has a consistent earnings record, manageable debt levels, and robust cash flow. Companies with sound financial health are generally more reliable.
2. The Growth Potential of the Company
A company with strong growth prospects is usually a safe bet. Pay close attention to the company’s development strategies, plans, product innovations, and expansion projects to estimate its growth potential.
3. Dividend History
Companies that regularly pay dividends are generally considered stable. Consistent dividend payouts show that a company is making profits regularly and are worth considering.
4. Sector or Industry
The company’s sector or industry plays a significant role in its profitability and growth prospects. It would help if you studied market trends, growth rates, competition levels, and the government’s support or regulations affecting the industry.
5. Management and Corporate Governance
A company with a skilled and experienced management team can make the most out of opportunities and steer through challenges. Also, good corporate governance reflects a company’s ethical business practices and commitment to protecting shareholders’ interests.
6. Company’s Market Reputation
It’s necessary to investigate the company’s reputation in the market. Check news articles, financial forums, and even social media discussions about the company to ensure there are no scandals or controversies that might harm its stock value.
7. Price-Earnings (P/E) Ratio
The P/E ratio helps you determine if the company’s shares are overpriced or underpriced. A lower P/E ratio could mean that the stock is undervalued and may be a good investment.
8. Political and Economic Factors
Keep in mind that external factors like the economic environment and political stability of the country significantly affect the performance of companies. Always monitor news regarding monetary and fiscal policies, international trade agreements, and other relevant geopolitical issues.
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Process for Buying Shares in Nigeria
Investing in the stock market has been an avenue for individuals and corporations to grow their wealth for many years. Nigeria’s stock market, despite the economic challenges it might be facing, is still a thriving platform where individuals can buy and invest in shares.
But how does one go about buying shares in Nigeria? Here’s a simple step-by-step procedure to get you started.
1. Select a reputable stockbroker.
First, you must locate a reputable stock broker with extensive experience. Then, ask your friends, family, or financial counselor for recommendations on a good stockbroker, or do some online research.
2. Open a CSCS (Central Securities Clearing System) account.
The CSCS, a centralized system, is in charge of clearing and settling trades on the Nigerian stock exchange. To purchase shares, you must first open a CSCS account. Your stockbroker can assist you in this matter.
3. Fund your CSCS account
You’ll need to deposit funds into your CSCS account before you can acquire shares. This is achievable if you transfer funds from your bank account to your CSCS account. Put money into the account and acquire a trade number, which will serve as your ID on the Nigerian stock exchange.
4. Examine the Nigerian stock exchange
Keep an eye on the stocks you wish to buy in Nigeria before you buy them so you can make the best decision. First and foremost, you must be well-versed in the stock market.
You should begin with a small quantity of money and not buy many stocks at first to learn. If you have a demo account, you can also purchase and sell shares in Nigeria without taking any risks.
Invest in Nigerian stocks only if you have researched the country’s progress and trust the companies it works with. You should also avoid deception, concealment, mental distortion, and disseminating incorrect information on the Internet.
5. Select the request type.
When purchasing shares in Nigeria, you will be able to check both the asking and bid prices. However, you must first decide which one to utilize.
The asking price is the amount that sellers are willing to pay to sell their stock shares. The bid price is the price at which people are eager to buy a share. The difference between them is referred to as the “spread.”
6. Make a purchase order with your broker.
You can place a buy order for the shares you want to purchase after you have money in your CSCS account. Your stockbroker will assist you in placing the order and ensuring that the transaction happens as planned.
Remember that investing in the stock market entails dangers, so do your homework and only invest money that you can afford to lose. You should consult with a financial professional before making any investing decisions.
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Risks to be Aware of When Buying Shares in Nigerian Companies
Investing in shares or stocks of any company requires proper analysis and an understanding of the potential risks. Buying shares in Nigerian companies can be rewarding, but it is crucial to know the challenges to watch out for.
Here are the four main risks to be aware of when investing in shares of Nigerian companies.
1. Regulatory Risk
Nigeria’s business environment is often plagued by ever-changing regulations. Laws and rules that govern the operation of businesses change often, and these changes may impact the value of shares. An unfavorable shift in regulatory conditions could erode investor value. Hence, you should be up to date with changes in regulations before buying shares in Nigerian companies.
2. Economic and Political Risk
Nigeria has experienced considerable political instability in the past. This risk often results in economic instability as well, which can have a substantial effect on the financial markets. Unforeseen political or economic issues can harm the business operations of companies, subsequently leading to a drop in the value of shares. Investors must consider these macroeconomic variables when investing in shares in Nigeria.
3. Currency Risk
If you’re an international investor investing in Nigerian shares, you are exposed to currency risk. This means the fluctuations in the exchange rate between the Nigerian Naira and your home currency can impact your investment. For instance, if the Naira weakens against your home currency, the value of your investment reduces, and you stand to make losses when you convert your profits back into your home currency.
4. Lack of Transparency
Investing in any market requires the transparency of financial statements for companies to allow investors to make informed decisions. However, in Nigeria, there’s a significant issue of non-transparent and inaccurate financial reporting by many firms.
Some firms may fail to meet up with reporting standards, and this lack of transparency makes it hard for investors to understand the actual value of the company. This puts your investment at risk as you are not completely sure of what you are investing in.
Frequently Asked Questions
How can I buy shares in Nigerian companies?
You can buy shares in Nigerian companies through stockbrokers. After opening a brokerage account, you will need to fund it and then place an order for the number of shares you wish to buy.
Is it safe to buy shares in Nigerian companies?
Buying shares in Nigerian companies can be risky due to factors such as political instability, economic instability, and weak regulatory oversight. However, some companies have strong financials and are well-managed, which can reduce these risks. Therefore, it’s essential to conduct thorough research and, if possible, consult a financial advisor before investing.
When is the best time to buy shares in Nigeria?
The best time to buy shares can depend on several factors including the performance of the company, the economic climate, and market conditions. A financial counselor or broker can offer tailored guidance.
Investing in the Nigerian stock market can be highly rewarding with the companies listed. While investment comes with risk, the potential return from these companies, who have shown consistent growth and profitability, makes them appealing.
Therefore, one should carefully research and understand their risk appetite before purchasing shares in these or any companies. Always remember, that smart investment requires knowledge, patience, and time